Geography Notes


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H1 Standard Leaving Certificate Geography Notes

Geography is one of the hardest subjects in the Leaving Cert to get an H1 in - so we created these notes that include some H1 example exam questions.
With over 450 slides and nearly 100,000 words, these are definitely our most in-depth notes to date!

Geography Course Content

Physical Geography

  • Rivers
  • The Sea
  • Glaciation
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Weather & Climate
  • Karst Regions

Regional geography

  • Irish Regions
  • European Region
  • Continental/ Subcontinental Regions
  • Geographical investigation

Two Elective Units :

  • Patterns and processes in economic activities (elective)
    • Energy (not covered)
    • Developing Economies (covered)
    • Multinationals and Globalisation (not covered)
    • European Union (covered)
  • Patterns and processes in the human environment (elective)
    • Population (covered)
    • Urban Geography (covered)

Four Optional Units (pick one; higher level only):

  • Global interdependence (not covered)
  • Geoecology (not covered)
  • Culture and identity (covered)
  • The Atmosphere-Ocean environment (not covered)

Geography Exam Layout

  1. Geographical Investigation Report (20%)
  2. Written Examination (80%)

2 hours and 50 minutes long, which is made up of three parts:

  • Part One (80 marks & 25 mins)
    • Need to answer 10/12 - but should do all.
  • Part Two (240 marks & 1 hr 30 mins)
    • Essay question - pick 1 question in each section - 80 marks & 30 mins each
      • First Section: Physical Geography (Q1, Q2, Q3 - Pick one)
      • Second Section: Regional Geography (Q4, Q5, Q6 - Pick one)
      • Third Section: Human Elective (Q7, Q8, Q9 - Pick one) OR Economic Elective (Q10, Q11, Q12 - Pick one)
  • Part Three (Higher level only)
    • You will be given 4 questions on your chosen option and you pick one. Each question will require you to write a single longer essay where you discuss three or four aspects of the theme in detail in 30 minutes (80 marks)


As you can see we are constantly trying to expand our selection of notes to include more traditional subjects, such as Leaving Cert Higher Level French. Therefore, keep an eye out on the site and our socials to see when we come out with these too!

Therefore, while we are creating these notes for you, make sure you follow us on our socials:

If you liked these notes you may also like some of our other products for example:
Our H1 standard Chemistry Notes

Finally, if you have any questions in relation to our notes, send us an email by clicking here


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